En fredelig verdensorden avhenger av tillit mellom nasjoner, og mellom mennesker. Dette har varsleren Edward Snowden bidratt til, mener Solhjell og Valen, og nominerer Edward Snowden til Nobels fredspris.
I sin begrunnelse skriver Solhjell og Valen: Den offentlige debatten og de politiske endringer som har fulgt i kjølvannet av Snowdens varsling, har bidratt til en mer stabil og fredelig verdensorden. Hans handlinger har gjeninnført tillit og åpenhet som ledende prinsipper i sikkerhetspolitikken. Disse verdiene kan ikke overvurderes.
De mener Edward Snowden har avslørt moderne overvåknings overlegenhet, og skriver videre i sin begrunnelse: «Omfanget av overvåkning har lamslått oss, og opprørt til debatt over hele verden. Ved å gjøre dette, har han bidratt til kritisk kunnskap om hvordan moderne overvåkning og etterretning rettet mot stater og innbyggere foregår.»
Alle stortingsrepresentanter har anledning til å nominere til Nobels fredspris. SVs andre representanter har nominert følgende:
- Johnny Ingebrigtsen har nominert journalisten Mohammad Saddiq Kaboudvand for sitt arbeid for å belyse kurdernes situasjon.
- Torgeir Knag Fylkesnes har nominert FNs spesialrapportør for urfolk, James Anaya, og FNs Permanente forum for urfolk.
- Gina Barstad og Karin Andersen har nominert Malala Yousafzai.
- Audun Lysbakken har nominert den kongolesiske gynekologen Dennis Mukwege.
- Heikki Holmås har nominert representanter for organisasjonen Slumdwellers International.
Nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize
We hereby nominate Edward Snowden for the Nobel Peace Prize.
As former Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mairead Corigan-Maguire said, «peace is more than simply the absence of war; it is the active creation of something better». Our leaders are not merely actors on a global stage of preserving self-interest, they are also political leaders whom we need to trust, and hold accountable. Their responsibilities go beyond realpolitik and zero-sum games, their actions have real consequences for real people.
The new information technologies of the past few decades bring new possibilities for democratization, transparency and freedom of expression. But it also introduces new tools of oppression, surveillance, and espionage. Massive surveillance of ordinary people’s communication, and targeted surveillance against allied leaders, is now possible on a scale that we wouldn’t be able to imagine two or three decades ago. When democratic countries make widespread use of these possibilities without regard to people’s rights to free expression, and the basic principles of the rule of law, they undermine their own legitimacy, and ability to effectively criticize and change the oppressive politics, massive surveillance, not to mention the cencorship, of authoritarian regimes.
A peaceful world order depends on trust between nations and trust between people. Peace brokering would be impossible without a basic level of trust. International agreements on non-proliferation and disarmament would be impossible without a basic level of trust. And peaceful resolutions to emerging security threats would be impossible without a basic level of trust.
Edward Snowden has revealed the nature and technological prowess of modern surveillance. The level of sophistication and depth of surveillance that citizens all over the world are subject to, has stunned us, and stirred debate all over the world. By doing this, he has contributed critical knowledge about how modern surveillance and intelligence directed towards states and citizens is carried out.
There is no doubt that the actions of Edward Snowden may have damaged the security interests of several nations in the short term. We do not necessarily condone or support all of his disclosures. We are, however, convinced that the public debate and changes in policy that have followed in the wake of Snowden’s whistleblowing has contributed to a more stable and peaceful world order. His actions have in effect led to the reintroduction of trust and transparency as a leading principle in global security policies. Its value can’t be overestimated.
A country’s legitimate need for reliable intelligence to preserve its own security, must always be balanced against the people’s individual freedoms – and the global need for trust – as an integral condition for stability and peace. Edward Snowden has made a critical contribution to restoring this balance.
Bård Vegar Solhjell, Member of the Norwegian Parliament
Snorre Valen, Member of the Norwegian Parliament
All members of the Norwegian Parliament have the possibility to nominate to Nobel Peace Prize. This is the nominations from Socialist Left Party’s members of parliament:
- Johnny Ingebrigtsen, has nominated the journalist Mohammad Saddiq Kaboudvand for his work to enlighten the world of the situation of the Kurdish people.
- Torgeir Knag Fuman Torgeir Knag Fylkesnes has nominated, James Anaya, Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples and United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.
- Gina Barstad and Karin Andersen has nominated Malala Yousafzai.
- Audun Lysbakken has nominated the Congolese gynecologist Dennis Mukwege.
- Heikki Holmås has nominated representants for the organization Slumdwellers International.